Supplements for Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is caused by low bone mass and the deterioration of bone tissue. It weakens your bones and increases your susceptibility to fractures, especially on your hips, spine and wrists.
It’s often called the ‘silent disease’ because there aren’t any symptoms and people may not know they have it until their bones become so weak that a sudden strain, bump or fall causes a fracture or collapses a vertebra.
Osteoporosis is a major public health threat, affecting one in two women and one in 12 men over the age of 50. But osteoporosis doesn’t have to be an inevitable part of getting older. Most medical experts agree that it can be largely prevented and treated.
Who’s at risk?
Anyone can develop osteoporosis, because of the bone loss that naturally occurs as we get older, but certain people are more vulnerable. You’re more likely to develop osteoporosis if you are:
- A woman
- Thin or small framed
- Over 50
- Part of a family with a history of osteoporosis
- Going through the menopause early
- Consuming a diet that’s low in calcium
- Using certain medication, including corticosteroids and anticonvulsants
- Leading an inactive lifestyle
- A smoker
- Drinking excessive alcohol
- Caucasian or Asian
Can osteoporosis be prevented?
Although the potential height and strength of your skeleton is determined by your genes, your lifestyle can significantly influence the amount of bone mass built up during your bone-forming years, and your ability to maintain it later in life.
Building strong bones during childhood and adolescence can be the best defense against developing osteoporosis later in life. By about the age of 20, the average person has acquired 98% of their skeletal mass. So if you’re in your mid-thirties or older, it’s important to maintain the strength of your bones.
These four steps can help you keep your bones as healthy as possible, reducing the risk of osteoporosis:
- Maintain a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D
- Perform regular weight-bearing exercises
- Lead a healthy lifestyle with no smoking or excessive alcohol intake
- Test your bone-density when appropriate and, if necessary, take medication